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Before starting the processing of the part, the part is clamped into the machine as shown in the figure below.
This operation is usually performed following the cutting of the part workpiece from the raw material board. In this case it is not very important for the clamping of the workpiece at which corner it is clamped into the machine. It is crucial not to mix the longitudinal or transversal position of the workpiece in the machine. Depending on the operational procedure established within the company, the parts for which the Edge banding operations have already been performed can end up in the CNC centre. In this case it is important which corner of the part is clamped during the clamping operation. Therefore, it is important to take into account the following factors:
|1.||What state the workpiece is in when it reaches the machine into which this workpiece will be clamped.|
|2.||Which corner of the workpiece is clamped in the corner with respect to the part shape.|
For a better understanding of the explanation below, it is necessary to discuss the basic coordinate system of the part or of the part workpiece. With respect to this system, the clamping coordinate systems are determined and clamping corners are defined.
When assigning Woodwork for Inventor materials to the part model, algorithms are used to analyze the model shape and they interpret the top and bottom faces of the model, the right and left sides, etc. In other words, a basic coordinate system of the Woodwork for Inventor part is created. One should not confuse this system with the model coordinate system which can coincide or differ from the above-mentioned coordinate system. This is called automatic determination of the basic coordinate system of the Woodwork for Inventor part.
The user will see that this coordinate system has been determined immediately following the assignment of the Woodwork for Inventor material, after the use runs the Grain command in the Woodwork Design branch. The user will then see (see fig. below) the coordinate system icon the direction of which corresponds to the grain direction, and the icon itself is placed in the Top plane. The user can change the basic (Top) plane of the part and the direction of the coordinate system by setting a Reference plane and changing the grain direction.
Note. If, during clamping, the same part and not the workpiece is used, the change of the grain direction will only change the calculation of the workpiece direction. In this case the grain direction will have no impact on the direction calculation (click here for more information).
Thus, after changing the grain, the orientation of the basic coordinate system of the workpiece and of the part may differ. Depending on the type of object – a workpiece or a part which has already been processed – clamped into the machine, the sides of the part will be determined with respect to these coordinate systems. The figure below shows what is considered to be the top, the front, the back, the right and the left side of the part with respect to this coordinate system. With respect to this system, base points are numbered where part clamping can be requested.
It is important to know that after changing the grain direction or the Reference plane, it is interpreted that the CAM technology that has been created does not meet the basic coordinate system of the part. The technology with such clamping is marked with a lightning symbol in the browser and is ignored when outputting it to the CNC program. A possible solution to this situation is deleting and creating this clamping and again generating the processing operations within it.
For the purpose of description we will use the example provided below.
The following status of the workpiece can be distinguished in the Woodwork for Inventor system:
To clamp the part into a machine, you can select any of its 4 corners. If the part can be flipped over, it means we have 4 additional corners which can be clamped into the machine clamping mechanism.
The figure below shows the potential clamping corners. The user, before starting to create CAM technology, has to decide which corner will be the base corner, because this would determine the coordinate system for this clamping.
Some woodworking machines have an arrangement which, while performing the processing of a workpiece in one side, allows clamping a workpiece of another part in the other side. As shown in the figure below, in this case the clamping corner will change and at the same time the type of the coordinate system will change from the right-handed to the left-handed. This, in turn, means that the coordinates in the CNC program will be recalculated.
The decision as which side of the machine the workpiece should be clamped to is usually made by the machine operator because the technologist-programmer does not know at which moment in a production flow a particular part will arrive at the machine and which side of the machine will be unoccupied. Therefore, the machine software usually provides for a simple procedure which converts the data in the coordinate system of the given program from right to left and vice versa. In this way the operator can easily use the same CNC program and work at any chosen side of the machine.
However, there exists machines that use a left-handed coordinate system as the base coordinate system, thus the Woodwork for Inventor CAM module has an option allowing the user to specify which corner of the machine the part will be clamped to and which coordinate system will be used.
There are four available options:
By default, the Woodwork for Inventor CAM module interprets that the part is clamped at the Front Left corner. One should bear in mind that the front, the back, the right and the left side are specified with respect to the part coordinate system.
The CAM processing of the part may have one, two or more clampings. When creating CAM technological operations, only one clamping can be active.